REVISTA Nº3

 

O PAPEL DA TRADUÇÃO NO CONTEXTO DO ENSINO DAS LÍNGUAS


Delfina Rosa de Andrade Rodrigues


Escola Secundária Camilo Castelo-Branco

Resumo


O presente artigo tem como objectivo principal reflectir um pouco sobre o ensino do Inglês, por um lado, e o ensino da tradução e da formação de tradutores em Portugal, nos últimos vinte anos, por outro. Tendo como ponto de partida os postulados da teoria da Tradução e, recentemente, dos Estudos de Tradução, procurei ver em que medida os programas e os currículos das instituições que, em Portugal, são responsáveis pela formação de tradutores reflectem as questões fundamentais que, nas últimas décadas, têm estado no centro do debate acerca do fenómeno tradutológico relativamente à qualidade em tradução e à sua avaliação.


Keywords: Competência traslatória; transferência cultural; processo vs produto; erro vs problema; avaliação.

 

THE GENERATION OF COMPOUND NOMINAL PHRASES USED IN THE DESCRIPTION AND DEFINITION OF CONCEPTS AND OBJECTS


Jesús Andrés Cortés


Universidad Politécnica de Madrid

Abstract


Compound nominal phrases are often used to define and describe concepts or objects in scientific texts. The occurrence of these combinations constitutes a common feature of the above-mentioned texts. Many of these phrases give rise to combinations, which become productive features. In order to produce reliable, well-formed and permissible compound nominal phrases it becomes necessary to understand first the way they generate. This paper addresses the generation of the aforementioned complex structures by analyzing different formal combinations. As a second step, semantic relationships between the headword and its determiners as well as those existing among the latter are studied and expressed through particular formulae. Results show that there are no set combinations but free relationships between the lexical items. Semantic relationships are dependant upon the function these items perform within the complex phrase. However, several common function-dependant combinations are repeatedly used in the different types of compound phrases.


Keywords: Compound nominal phrases; generation; semantic relationships; lexical items.

 

Rhetorical Purpose and the Use of Definitions as a Coherence Device in Scientific Communication


Pilar Durán Escribano


Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Spain

Abstract


Definitions are widely used in scientific communication to suit rhetorical purpose according to the audience knowledge level. In order for speech or writing to fulfil its rhetorical functions it must be coherent. Coherence is product of different factors that combine to contribute to the meaning of the whole text; it is ultimately brought about by connections between previous knowledge and new information. In scientific and technical communication if the knowledge level of the audience is not high enough, the writer will have to provide further background information. In more advanced discourse, when writers present new concepts and new technologies these require definitions ranging from a word to several paragraphs. This paper presents a case study of two typical science texts (didactic and research article) to show how definitions are used as a coherence device to help the reader understand specific information.


Keywords: Coherence; Definition; Rhetorical Functions; Scientific Discourse; EST.

 

TEACHER TALK IN E.L.T CURRICULUMS TROUGH CONTRASTIVE ANALYSIS


Filiz Yalcin Tilfarlioglu


Gaziantep University

Abstract


The main purpose of this descriptive research was to compare and analyse two teachers’ talk in terms of linking previous experience and new information when teaching the same subject to different preparatory classes at high school level in a Foreign Language (F.L) context. Taught by their own teachers, the total number of the subjects was fifty.
Through the data collected, it has been found that the teacher talk which had different functions such as guiding students, checking their comprehension, linking students’ previous and new knowledge was a great amount. Comparing two classes by two different teachers can be fruitful for the teachers and researchers to make necessary changes for finding solutions to the problems occurred in the classrooms when linking the past and present knowledge in F.L. curricula.


Keywords: Discourse analysis; teacher-student talk;, coherence; cohesion.

 

 

 
 

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